Clear Diarrhea: 4 Causes, Gastroenterologist Explains.
Our content is not intended nor recommended as a substitute for medical advice by your doctor. Use for informational purposes only.
“Clear diarrhea” is not a medical term. We don’t use such terms in our daily medical practice.
Basically, the word “clear” means transparent or translucent. water is an example of an ultimate clear fluid.
However, we use the term “watery diarrhea” as an indication of its form, not the color or transparency.
So, the cause of your “clear diarrhea” depends on what you mean by “clear”. Some may mean “mucus-only stool”, while others may mean pale or whitish diarrhea.
Possible causes of clear diarrhea include:
- Mucous diarrhea (scanty amount of clear diarrhea).
- Cholera (large volume rice-watery or clear diarrhea).
- Diarrhea with biliary disease (clay-colored stools).
- Some medications such as antacids and laxatives.
- Diarrhea in people with chronic liver disease.
1. Mucous diarrhea (clear diarrhea, small amount, jelly-like).
Mucus is secreted from the inflamed colon or rectum walls. It is semi-fluid, semi-clear (whitish in color).
Symptoms of clear mucus-only stool (proctitis):
- Scanty amounts of gelly-like semi-clear substance (mucus).
- Tenesmus: a severe and recurrent urge to poop with only scanty amounts of clear mucus coming out.
- sense of rectal fullness and incomplete evacuation of bowel.
- Abdominal pain (usually in the lowermost part of your abdomen).
- with dysentery, the clear mucus can be mixed with blood.
- Rectal pain.
- Pain with bowel movements.
Causes of mucus-only stools:
- Dysentery (amoebic or bacillary dysentery).
- Irritable bowel syndrome (mucus with diarrhea is common with IBS, symptoms of proctitis may be absent).
- Inflammatory bowel diseases (Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis).
- Sexually transmitted diseases of the anorectal canal.
- Rectal ulcers.
- Antibiotic-associated diarrhea.
- severe forms of food allergy or intolerance.
- Other rare causes such as diversion colitis, rectal cancer, radiation colitits.
Learn more about the above causes in this article.
2. Cholera infection (Large volume rice-watery or clear diarrhea).
Cholera is a life-threatening gut infection. It causes a severe form of watery diarrhea.
The picture below shows diarrhea from cholera. Massive loss of fluids can be soon fatal if not corrected.
Cholera is caused by the bacteria vibrio cholera. it is transmitted through contaminated food and water.
Cholera is more prevalent in poor communities and countries where sanitation is inadequate.
Symptoms of cholera:
- The symptoms start one to two days after acquiring the infection.
- Outbreaks in the community are common (due to water contamination).
- Severe forms cause massive watery diarrhea, the diarrhea is semi-clear or grayish water (similar to the water of boiled rice.
- The rice water diarrhea has a characteristic fishy odor and contains flecks of mucus.
- Early and mild stages of cholera may present with diarrhea with stool material and bile.
- Abdominal pain (usually mild).
- vomiting is also common with cholera.
- Rapid severe dehydration can lead to death within hours if not corrected.
- Fever may occur, but less frequent.
- Loss of water and electrolytes such as potassium and calcium is common. This leads to complications such as shock, fainting, sunken eyes, and even renal failure.
Immediately call your doctor if you experience a sudden onset of large volume clear or greyish watery diarrhea.
The main strategy of treatment is the rapid correction of water and electrolyte loss. Antibiotics also help rapid recovery.
3. Diarrhea with liver or biliary disease (clay stool).
The stool acquires its brown color from its bile content. Lack of bile in stool can result in pale, clay, or white stools.
When the condition is combined with diarrhea, some patients describe it as “clear diarrhea”.
The description of diarrhea with clay stools as “clear diarrhea” is not accurate. But some patients use the term “clear diarrhea’ to describe such a condition.
What are the biliary and liver diseases that cause clay stool?
- Bile duct obstruction by a stone or cancer (usually cancer head of the pancreas).
- An early phase of hepatitis (called cholestatic phase): you probably see clear or clay diarrhea if your kid has Hepatitis A infection.
- Alcoholic hepatitis.
- Liver cirrhosis (live failure due to any cause): because it leads to decreased bile production.
- Less common conditions include biliary stricture (narrowing), Primary biliary cholangitis (an autoimmune disease), cysts of the bile duct.
Patients with such conditions have usually other symptoms. These include symptoms of bile obstruction and symptoms of liver disease, for example:
- Jaundice: yellowish sclera and skin.
- Dark urine.
- Abdominal pain.
- Nausea, and vomiting.
- Symptoms of liver failure such as abdominal swelling (ascites), swelling of the lower limbs (edema), loss of weight, …etc.
What are the characters of diarrhea with bile or liver disease?
Clay stools are not essentially loose. When diarrhea coexists with a biliary or liver disease, diarrhea can be described as clear diarrhea. Clear here doesn’t mean it is transparent.
Clear diarrhea here stands for pale whitish or greyish loose or watery stool. liver or biliary disease is confirmed when clear or clay diarrhea is associated with symptoms
The image below will give you an idea about how the clay or pale diarrhea looks.
clay diarrhea requires you to consult your doctor immediately. It is not a normal variant of stool. Clay stool or diarrhea often reflect a serious medical condition.
4. Drugs causing clear diarrhea?
Medications can cause clear diarrhea either directly or by inducing liver or biliary disease.
Review your list of medications you’ve taken before the onset of clear diarrhea.
Antacid medications containing aluminum hydroxide.
Aluminum hydroxide is a syrup (suspension) that is used to treat gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.
Exessive use of aluminum hydroxide can result in clear white diarrhea.
Barium dye (used in imaging with x-ray or CT).
Barium is a contrast material used by radiologists. It is combined with x-rays or computed tomography (CT) scans, to obtain more information from the imaging.
Oral intake of barium in large amounts can cause white or clear stool.
Drugs that cause liver or biliary disease.
Medications can cause clear white stool or diarrhea via affections of the liver or biliary system.
This will cause symptoms discussed in the third section of this article (as jaundice). examples include:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (such as ibuprofen and diclofenac).
- Some antibiotics such as ampicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, macrolides.
- Anabolic steroids and estrogens (contraceptive pills).
- Some antidepressants such as tricyclic anti-depressant.
- Others: the complete list of drugs that can cause jaundice and clay stools is HERE.
When to see a doctor for clear diarrhea?
Clear or white or clay diarrhea usually requires medical attention. This is especially important if:
- Large volume diarrhea (frequent attacks of severe diarrhea).
- Frequent vomiting.
- Extreme abdominal pain.
- Jaundice (yellowish coloration of skin, eye whites, and urine).
- Fainting, rapid heartbeats, or shortness of breath.
- In babies, signs of dehydration such as sunken eyes, dry tongue, lack of seating and tears, confusion of the baby.
BONUS: some refer to the bright yellow diarrhea as clear diarrhea. bright yellow diarrhea causes are mostly benign such as stomach flu, indigestion of a large fatty meal, and others.
The causes of bright yellow water diarrhea are discussed here.